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Homosexuality Will Never Be Eliminated. How About Eliminating Homophobia? They torture, force people to confess, and when they hear about a gathering of men, they just head over to make arrests. In reality, its scope is much wider. Punishments are severe, ranging from 10 to 14 years in prison. Voluptuos women naked provisions build on existing legislation Niger republic porns Nigeria, but go much further: This followed consultations with Nigeria-based LGBT activists and groups, and mainstream human rights organizations. While existing legislation already criminalizes consensual same-sex conduct in Nigeria, the report found that the SSMPA, in many ways, officially authorizes abuses against LGBT people, effectively making Niger republic porns bad situation worse.
Human rights groups Niger republic porns United Nations officials expressed grave concern about the Niger republic porns the law, its vague provisions, and the severity of punishments. The heated public debate and heightened media interest in the law have made homosexuality more visible and LGBT people even more vulnerable than they already were. Many LGBT individuals interviewed by Human Rights Niger republic porns said that prior to the enactment of the SSMPA in Januarythe general public objected to homosexuality primarily on the basis of religious beliefs Niger republic porns perceptions of what constitutes African Niger republic porns and tradition.
The law has become a tool being used by some police officers and members of the public Niger republic porns legitimize multiple human rights violations perpetrated against LGBT people. Such violations include torture, sexual violence, arbitrary detention, violations of due process rights, and extortion. Human Rights Watch research indicates that since Januarythere have been rising incidents of Niger republic porns violence, with groups of people gathering together and acting with a common intent Fuck local sluts in fairbourne committing acts of violence against persons based on their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity.
For Niger republic porns, in February in Gishiri village, Abuja, a group of approximately 50 people armed with machetes, clubs, whips, and metal wires dragged people from their homes and severely beat at least 14 men whom they suspected of being gay. Three victims told Human Rights Watch that their attackers chanted: Human Rights Watch interviewed eight of the 21 young men who were arrested, but not Niger republic porns, at a birthday party in Ibadan. They told Human Rights Watch that members of the public informed the police that Niger republic porns men were gathered together and when police arrived and found a bag of condoms that belonged to an HIV peer educator, they were all arrested.
These individuals said they had never been subjected to Niger republic porns, arrest, Niger republic porns detention prior to the enactment of this law. Lesbians and gay men interviewed by Human Rights Watch said that the law has had an insidious effect on individual self-expression. Since Januaryseveral said that they had adopted self-censoring behavior by significantly and consciously altering their gender presentation to avoid Niger republic porns or suspicion by members of the public and to avoid arrest and extortion. LGBT victims of crime said the law inhibited them from reporting to authorities due to fear of exposure and arrest. Interviewees, including representatives of mainstream human rights organizations, said the SSMPA has created opportunities for people to act out their homophobia with brutality and without fear of legal consequences.
Punitive legal environments, stigma, and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, together with high levels of physical, psychological, or sexual violence against gay men and other men who have sex with men MSMimpedes sustainable national responses to HIV. When acts of violence are committed or condoned by officials or national authorities, including law enforcement officials, this leads Niger republic porns a climate of fear Niger republic porns fuels human rights violations and deters gay men and other MSM from seeking and adhering to HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support services.
Human rights treaties impose legal obligations on Nigeria to prohibit discrimination; ensure equal protection of the law; respect and protect rights to freedom of association, expression, privacy, and the highest attainable standard of health; prevent arbitrary arrests and torture or cruel, degrading, and inhuman treatment; Niger republic porns exercise due diligence in protecting persons, including LGBT individuals, from Niger republic porns forms of Niger republic porns, whether perpetrated by state or non-state actors. Nigerian authorities should act swiftly to protect LGBT people from violence, whether committed by state or non-state actors.
Law enforcement officials should stop all forms of abuse and violence against LGBT people, including arbitrary arrest and detention, torture in custody, and extortion, and without delay ensure that they are able to file criminal complaints against perpetrators. Advocate for the repeal of the specific provisions of the SSMPA that criminalize the formation of and support to LGBT organizations; Promote effective measures to prevent discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity Niger republic porns health care settings; and Ensure that key populations, including gay men, MSM, and transgender individuals have Niger republic porns to HIV services, Niger republic porns, and treatment.
The National Human Rights Commission should ensure that the Committee of Human Rights Experts, established in Novembermandated to compile a list of laws to be reviewed for compliance with human rights norms and standards, prioritizes the SSMPA for review. One of the key functions Niger republic porns in national human rights institutions is to receive and investigate complaints of human rights abuses. In terms of the Human Rights Commission Act ofas amended inthe Commission enjoys quasi-judicial powers to summon persons, evidence, and to award compensation and enforce its decisions. The Commission should utilize this protective mandate to investigate human rights abuses committed against LGBT persons.
Recommendations To the Government of Nigeria Investigate all claims of extortion, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture, and inhuman treatment by police officers and prosecute those responsible for human rights abuses against LGBT people. Publicly condemn all acts of violence, including mob attacks, committed by state and non-state actors on the basis of real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity. Act with due diligence to protect LGBT individuals against human rights abuses, including by effectively implementing all appropriate laws, including the Violence Against Persons Prohibition Act,in order to prohibit and punish all forms of violence, including violence and human rights abuses committed on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Review the Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Act, with a view to creating an enabling environment for LGBT individuals, human rights defenders, and organizations to exercise their constitutional rights to freedom of association and expression. Elaborate and ensure the effective implementation of laws and policies in accordance with regional and international human rights treaties to which Nigeria is a state party. Adopt all necessary legislative and policy measures in order to protect LGBT individuals from violence and ensure that LGBT organizations exercise their constitutional rights to freedom of association and expression.
In accordance with obligations under international human rights treaties, take all necessary measures to ensure the respect for and protection of human rights of LGBT persons in Nigeria. Take political, administrative, and legislative measures to ensure that human rights defenders working on sexual orientation and gender identity issues, including women human rights defenders, work in an enabling environment that is free of stigma, reprisals, or criminal prosecution as a result of their human rights protection activities. Ensure that the Human Rights Desks at Police Stations provide a safe environment for LGBT persons to report police abuses and that the complaints are processed and investigated without undue delay.
Investigate in a prompt and thorough manner all law enforcement officials implicated in arbitrary arrests, extortion, torture in detention, and other human rights abuses of persons on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Establish effective systems to record and investigate all acts of violence against LGBT persons. In collaboration with civil society organizations, implement rigorous training programs for police officers on the Nigerian Constitution and its applicability to LGBT people in Nigeria. Develop and implement appropriate awareness-raising interventions on the human rights of LGBT persons in Nigeria.
Publicly condemn cases in which organizations, peer educators, and outreach workers providing services to LGBT people are targeted for arrest and extortion by the police or threatened with violence by members of the public. Ensure that training programs for employees of the Agency and other appropriate persons include a component on the prohibition of discrimination in HIV services for LGBT people. Develop plans and allocate adequate resources to ensure systematic documentation and monitoring of human rights violations associated with the SSMPA. Collect accurate sex-disaggregated data relating to acts of violence and discrimination due to real or perceived sexual orientation and gender identity.
Investigate all human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity in accordance with the protection mandate. Act in accordance with its mandates to act as a source of human rights information for the government and the public, to raise awareness about the human rights impact of the SSMPA, and to receive and investigate complaints from LGBT individuals alleging human rights abuses committed against them. Engaging Nigeria in a constructive dialogue during the bi-annual ordinary sessions of the African Commission on progress, obstacles, plans, and other measures that have been adopted to ensure implementation of recommendations. Work with stakeholders in Nigeria to institutionalize formal processes of dialogue with human rights defenders who work on sexual orientation and gender identity issues and develop concrete protection and monitoring mechanisms for national and regional levels.
Ensure that special mechanisms integrate sexual orientation and gender identity issues in the execution of their mandates, including when adopting thematic and country-specific resolutions and elaborating thematic studies and reports. Sexual orientation of a person who is sexually and romantically attracted to both men and women. Synonym in many parts of the world for homosexual; used here to refer to the sexual orientation of a man whose primary sexual and romantic attraction is toward other men. Fear and contempt of homosexuals, usually based on negative stereotypes of homosexuality.
Sexual orientation of a person whose primary sexual and romantic attractions are toward people of the same sex. A term used to describe people who, individually or with others, act to promote or protect human rights. Those most likely to be exposed to HIV or to transmit it. In most settings, those at high risk of HIV exposure include men who have sex with men, transgender people, people who inject drugs, sex workers and their clients, and serodiscordant couples in which one partner is HIV positive and one is HIV negative. Sexual orientation of a female whose primary sexual and romantic attraction is toward other females. Member of the community: Men who have sexual relations with persons of the same sex, but may or may not identify themselves as gay or bisexual.
MSM may or may not also have sexual relationships with women. The term describes whether a person is attracted primarily to people of the same sex, the opposite sex, both or neither. The commercial exchange of sexual services between consenting adults. A transgender person usually adopts, or would prefer to adopt, a gender expression in consonance with their preferred gender but may or may not desire to permanently alter their bodily characteristics in order to conform to their preferred gender. The research was conducted following extensive consultations with Nigeria-based LGBT activists and organizations.
While recognizing that existing legislation in Nigeria criminalizes consensual same-sex conduct, this report is strictly limited to the impact of the SSMPA. On the basis of extensive media reports and consultations with LGBT groups, it became clear that the enactment of the SSMPA was immediately followed by high levels of violence, including mob attacks, arbitrary arrests, and detention and extortion against LGBT people by some police officers and members of the public. Human Rights Watch interviewed 73 Nigerians who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender LGBT as well as representatives of 15 Nigeria-based non-governmental organizations.
We interviewed two persons who identify as transgender women and since we did not conduct any interviews with intersex persons, the acronym used throughout the report is LGBT. The cities were chosen based on the presence of non-governmental organizations and community-based activists. Human Rights Watch worked with activists in Nigeria to identify relevant NGOs and their representatives, who in turn helped Human Rights Watch identify victims of violence in various Nigerian states. Interviews were conducted in English and without interpreters. Participants were all informed of the purpose of the interview and they provided their consent orally. All interviews conducted in person were held in secure locations identified by the interviewee.
Interviewees were not compensated, but we reimbursed transport costs, and the cost of a meal where necessary, to those who travelled from their homes to meet Human Rights Watch researchers. Interviewees from Kano, Cross River, Zamfara, and Niger States were reimbursed for transport costs and provided with overnight accommodation and meals. The report uses pseudonyms, unless otherwise noted, to protect interviewees against possible reprisals. In this correspondence we requested that the Committee of Human Rights Experts, established by the NHRC in Novemberinclude the SSMPA on its list of laws to be reviewed for consistency with the Nigerian Constitution as well as regional and international human rights norms and standards.
The Commission has not responded to our letter at time of writing. On October 3,Human Rights Watch wrote to the NHRC to present an advance and embargoed draft copy of the relevant section of the report, to request an official response and to inquire whether the SSMPA is included in the list of laws for review see Annex 4. On October 3,Human Rights Watch wrote to officials in the Ministry of Police see Annex 5 and the National Agency for the Control of AIDS see Annex 6 to present an advance and embargoed draft copy of the relevant section of our report and to request an official response.
According to the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics, the unemployment rate was recorded at Christianity predominates in southern states and Islam in northern states. Two laws passed in are noted as positive developments in the context of the protection of LGBT persons in Nigeria, in the event that they are effectively implemented and without discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. The purpose of this law is to prevent discrimination based on real or perceived HIV status and to ensure access to health care and other services to everyone, presumably including LGBT people. The Nigeria Criminal Code Act ofwith origins in the colonial era, contains provisions dealing with Offences against Morality committed by men that carry terms of imprisonment of up to 14 years.
On June 6,Jonathan justified his actions in respect of the law as respect for democracy and the will of a population that opposed same-sex unions: Therefore as a democratic leader with deep respect for the law, I had to put my seal of approval on it. NOI Polls  The purported aim of the SSMPA is to prohibit marriage or civil unions between persons of the same sex and impose criminal penalties for persons convicted of entering such a union. Before [the law], I think there was a conscious effort on the part of the attacker to think, where do I stand—If I beat up a gay person and get arrested, what is the law going to say? The law has given people that boldness.
The study, conducted between March and Augustassessed the engagement of MSM from Abuja in HIV prevention and treatment services at a clinical site located within a community-based organization. The findings below illustrate a sharp and immediate negative impact of the SSMPA on stigma, discrimination, and engagement in HIV prevention and treatment services. The Lancet  Source:
To the Nigeria Police Force and the Ministry of Police Affairs
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Jason, a gay man in Lagos, met a man through a mobile phone dating app in Januaryand, after chatting with him, went to meet Niger republic porns at a hotel. They hit me mostly on my back and head. Debbie pretended she was dead in order to save herself. Elaborate and ensure the effective implementation of laws and policies in accordance with regional and international human rights treaties to which Nigeria is a state party. Sexual orientation of a female whose primary sexual and romantic attraction is toward other females. The seven of them raped me for three days in the hotel.